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Medical Treatments

What Are The Medical Treatments Available?

Finasteride (Propecia®)

An oral medication available by prescription only has been introduced to the market. Through scientific studies over the last decades, it has been shown to re-grow hair in a significant number of men and stop hair loss in an even higher percentage. Finasteride works by decreasing the formation of DHT, a hormone responsible in large part for male pattern hair loss, while not affecting testosterone, the overall male hormone responsible for masculinity. Therefore, any side effects that may involve male sexual function are mild and occur in less than 2% of all patients. Finasteride (Propecia®) works best for early or moderate hair loss and is suggested by specialists as an effective medication to slow down or reverse male pattern hair loss in many men.

Minoxidil (Rogaine®)

The solution applied to the scalp has been available for over 10 years and is now available without a prescription in many countries. Minoxidil works best in the early stages of male pattern hair loss to stop or retard further hair loss and is more effective on the top and back of the scalp than at the frontal hairline. A higher concentration (5% solution) of Minoxidil is available and has been shown to be more effective than the 2% solution.

Both Finasteride and Minoxidil must be used on a continual basis in order to sustain results, and if discontinued, the process of balding resumes. These medications may not work for everyone, but they have a proven track record that shows a significant benefit to many people.

Low-level laser light

Visible red light, at a wavelength of 660 nm penetrates tissue to a depth of about 8-10 mm and hence the entire hair organ will be covered to a depth just beyond the hair bulb. Visible red light has been found to be effective in promoting wound healing, anti-inflammatory effect and improving microcirculation.